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Reino Kalliola

Pyhätunturin kansallispuiston kasvillisuudesta ja kasvistosta

Kalliola R. (1942). Pyhätunturin kansallispuiston kasvillisuudesta ja kasvistosta. Silva Fennica no. 59 article id 4579. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9083

English title: Vegetation and flora in the Pyhätunturi National Park.

Abstract

The article is based on the writer’s visits in the area in 1933 and 1939. Pyhätunturi national park was established in 1938. The fell of Pyhätunturi rises up to 540 meters above the sea level, and 357 meters above the surrounding area. The soil is predominantly stony, and the rock is quartzite. The climate is continental with low rainfall. This results in a barren area, where array of plant species is limited with the exception of few gorges with fertile river valleys. The forests have remained mostly in natural state.

Vegetation is arranged in three zones: forested area, subalpine fell birch area and alpine bare top of the fell. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forms timberline more often than Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.). Coniferous forests rise up to 365 meters on the northern slopes and up to about 385 on the southern slopes of the fell. It is followed by fell birch zone (Betula tortuosa, now Betula pubescens subsp. Czerepanovii) up to about 450-475 meters on the eastern and northern slopes, and 475-490 meters on the western slopes. The most common forest site type is Empetrum-Myrtillus site type. Herb-rich spruce swamps along the rivers have highest diversity of species. The article describes the plant species found in forests, peatlands, fell birch zone and top of the fell in detail. In all 162 different vascular plant species and 16 non-indigenous species were found in the area.

The article includes an abstract in German.

Original keywords
kansallispuisto; kasvillisuus; Lappi; luonnonsuojelualue; Pyhätunturi; kasvillisuuskartoitus; puuraja; tunturikoivu; kuusi; mänty

English keywords
national park; nature reserve; Lapland; Pyhätunturi; vegetation; vegetation survey; vascular plant; Scots pine; Pinus sylvestris; Norway spruce; Picea abies; fell birch; Betula pubescens subsp. Czerepanovii); timber line

Published in 1942

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9083 | Download PDF

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