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Pentti Alho

Suomen metsittyminen jääkauden jälkeen.

Alho P. (1990). Suomen metsittyminen jääkauden jälkeen. Silva Fennica vol. 24 no. 1 article id 5404. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15556

English title: The history of forests in Finland after the last ice age.

Abstract

Based on literature this paper describes the natural afforestation of Finland that took place after the last ice age and the changes which have taken place during the last 10,000 years. The origin and development of the vegetation and trees are related to the changes in the edaphic and climatic factors. The first tree species to arrive in Finland were the primary colonizing species, birch and Scots pine. The appearance of Norway spruce dates back to about 5000 B.P. There have been great changes in the species composition of Finnish forests during the last several thousands of years but some 2,000–3,000 years ago the various species reached their present balance. The epoch of naural forests, which had lasted some 9,500 years, came to a conclusion, however, when man started to have a marked effect on the forest’s development 300–400 years ago.

The PDF includes an abstract in English.

Original keywords
jääkausi; metsittyminen; puulajit; luonnonhistoria

English keywords
review articles; natural afforestation; ice age; natural history; post glacial; tree species

Published in 1990

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15556 | Download PDF

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