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Heikki Wuorenrinne

Suomen kekomuurahaisten (Formica rufa coll.) ekologiasta ja levinneisyydestä.

Wuorenrinne H. (1974). Suomen kekomuurahaisten (Formica rufa coll.) ekologiasta ja levinneisyydestä. Silva Fennica vol. 8 no. 3 article id 4907. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a14751

English title: About the distribution and ecology of Formica rufa -group in Finland.

Abstract

The paper describes the systematics, distribution, abundance and nest sites of Formica rufa -group in different Finnish forest types. In addition, it has been estimated the availability of Finnish ants in the biological competition.

F. polyctena, F. aquilonia and F. lugubris are distributed over whole Finland. F. rufa and F. nigricans to Southern Finland only. The relative abundace of ant nests diminish to Northern Finland. F. rufa -group prefer most forest on moist land (Myrtillus and Oxalis-Myrtillus types), mixed forests of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karsts), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and birch (Betula sp.), and the silvicultural density 0.6–0.7 (good or satisfactory density), but they avoid broadleaved and pure one-tree species forests. For the biological competition the most competitive ant species seem to be F. polyctena and F. aquilonia.

The PDF includes a summary in English.

Original keywords
kekomuurahaiset; levinneisyys; metsätyypit; muurahaiset; biologinen torjunta; ekologia

English keywords
Formica rufa; ants; wood ants; distribution; forest types; Formica polyctena; Formica aquilonia; Formica lugubris; Formica nigricans

Published in 1974

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a14751 | Download PDF

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