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Håkan Lindström (email)

Intra-tree models of basic density in Norway spruce as an input to simulation software

Lindström H. (2000). Intra-tree models of basic density in Norway spruce as an input to simulation software. Silva Fennica vol. 34 no. 4 article id 622. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.622


Basic density is said to influence aspects of conversion, properties, and end-use of forest products. Consequently, it is argued that accurate models of basic density variation, within and between trees, could be used to improve the utilisation of wood as an industrial raw material. The objective of the present study was to develop basic density models based on Norway spruce trees, that could be used within a model system for conversion simulation studies. Nineteen stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) were selected throughout Sweden. Based on dbh, two small, two moderate, and two large timber trees were taken from each stand. Dbh varied between 180–470 mm, tree height between 17–34 m, and total age between 51–152 years. Each selected tree was cross-cut into logs; discs were prepared from the butt end of each log and from the top end of the top log. Computed tomography scanning and image analysis were used to determine basic density and growth ring development on sampled discs. Basic density development in 20-mm segments from pith outwards was modelled in models based on ring width, tree and growth condition data. The resulting models had an adjusted R2 of 0.37–0.51 and a RMSE of 37–41 kg/m3.

Picea abies; wood density; image analysis; basic density; growth conditions

Author Info
  • Lindström, University of Canterbury, School of Forestry, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand E-mail lindstromhakan@netscape.net (email)

Received 15 November 1999 Accepted 22 September 2000 Published 31 December 2000

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Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.622 | Download PDF

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