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August Renvall (email)

The degree of radial shrinkage of pine stem wood from Lapland according to behavior of increment cores

Renvall A. (1923). The degree of radial shrinkage of pine stem wood from Lapland according to behavior of increment cores. Silva Fennica vol. 26 no. 3 article id 7091. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7091

Abstract

Shrinking of timber when drying is a phenomenon that causes variation in measuring of timber in timber trade and on using the timber for construction or other purposes.   

The data for the article consists of 332 increment core samples from pine trees different ages, sizes and growth rate. There were collected in years 1910-1912 in Finnish Lapland, regions Utsjoki and Inari. The increment cores were collected on the height of 1.3 meters in south-north direction straight crosswise through the whole tree. The samples are 6mm thick. The diameter of the samples was measured immediately after making the sample and after several years’ storage in room temperatures. Also the age of the trees was determined.

The results are presented in tables. The degree of shrinkage varies heavily between the samples but stays anyhow between 1.5 and 3.9%. The mean degree of shrinkage for 314 samples was 2.9%. The results seem to indicate that the bigger the shrinkage the denser the annual growth ring system of the tree, meaning the slower the growth has been.  The older and of diameter bigger trees shrink less than younger and smaller trees. 

Keywords
pine; stem wood; shrinkage; increment core

Published in 1923

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Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7091 | Download PDF

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