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Ying Hou, Jintao Qu, Zukui Luo, Chao Zhang, Kaiyun Wang (email)

Morphological mechanism of growth response in treeline species Minjiang fir to elevated CO2 and temperature

Hou Y., Qu J., Luo Z., Zhang C., Wang K. (2011). Morphological mechanism of growth response in treeline species Minjiang fir to elevated CO2 and temperature. Silva Fennica vol. 45 no. 2 article id 41. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.41

Abstract

To test whether and how morphological traits are linked with growth responses of plants to temperature and CO2 is important for understanding the mechanism underlying how plant growth will respond to global warming. In this study, using closed-top chambers to mimic future elevated CO2 and temperature, the growth response, morphological traits of Minjiang fir (Abies faxoniana Rehd.et Wils.) and the relationship of the two were investigated after two years of exposure to the single and combined elevation of CO2 and temperature. The results showed that biomass of Minjiang fir was 21%, 31%, and 35% greater than the control in elevated CO2, elevated temperature and the combination of elevated CO2 and temperature treatments, respectively. Elevated CO2 and temperature significantly affected the morphology of Minjiang fir, and a few morphological traits were highly correlated with growth responses. Larger branch angles at the upper layer, crown volume, and relative crown length contributed to positive growth responses to elevated CO2, while decreased specific leaf area (SLA) constricted any further growth response. Leaf morphological traits were more closely correlated with the response ratio than crown did in the elevated temperature, while in the combination of elevated CO2 and temperature, crown was more correlated with the response ratio than the leaf morphological traits. Thus, our results indicate that morphological traits may contribute differently to growth responses under different experimental conditions.

Keywords
Abies faxoniana; climate change; crown architecture; leaf morphology; response ratio

Author Info
  • Hou, Department of Life Sciences, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu, China ORCID ID:
  • Qu, Department of Life Sciences, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu, China ORCID ID:
  • Luo, School of Environment and Life Sciences, Kaili University, Kaili, China ORCID ID:
  • Zhang, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China, and University of Eastern Finland, School of Forest Sciences, Joensuu, Finland ORCID ID:
  • Wang, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China, and University of Eastern Finland, School of Forest Sciences, Joensuu, Finland ORCID ID:E-mail kywang@re.ecnu.edu.cn (email)

Received 16 December 2010 Accepted 25 March 2011 Published 31 December 2011

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.41 | Download PDF

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