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Kullervo Kuusela

Hakkuilla käsiteltyjen koivikoiden rakenteesta ja kasvusta.

Kuusela K. (1956). Hakkuilla käsiteltyjen koivikoiden rakenteesta ja kasvusta. Silva Fennica no. 90 article id 4652. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9115

English title: On the structure and growth of birch stands treated with cutting.

Abstract

The study is continuation of the earlier structure and growth studies of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.) in Forest Research Institute. The material represents birch stands (Betula verrucosa, now B. pendula, and B. Pubescens L.) in Southern Finland. The stands were treated with different fellings, and in regard to their silvicultural condition classified as good, satisfactory and unsatisfactory. Height of the trees, height of living crown, volume, increment and volume increment and development of stem diameter series was measured.

The most characteristic difference between the silviculturally good and poor stands was that the the annual increment of the good stands concentrated into large size trees, and the increment of unsatisfactory stands into small and inferior trees.

It is concluded that if the aim of stand treatment is to produce large and high quality volume increment, the most favourable stand volume of  birch stands, compared with naturally normal stand volume, seems to be 90-85% at the age of 41-55 years, and 80-70% at the age of 56-65 years. If growth of large size trees is aimed at, the maximum number of the dominant trees per hectares cannot be more than 400 at the age of 50-60 years.

The article includes a summary in English.

Original keywords
hakkuut; kasvu; koivu; metsänarviointi; metsikön rakenne; kasvututkimus; metsänhoito

English keywords
Betula; silver birch; Betula pendula; Betula verrucosa; Betula pubescens; increment; growth and yield studies; forest management; fellings

Published in 1956

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9115 | Download PDF

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