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Göran Rune (email)

Slits in container wall improve root structure and stem straightness of outplanted Scots pine seedlings

Rune G. (2003). Slits in container wall improve root structure and stem straightness of outplanted Scots pine seedlings. Silva Fennica vol. 37 no. 3 article id 493. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.493

Abstract

Root structure and basal sweep were measured on 6-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees at two sites with different soil fertility. Each site was planted with seedlings of identical origin after nursery cultivation in either solidwall container types with vertical ribs or in slitwall container types. Neither container design nor container volume affected tree height or stem diameter on the two sites. The transversal area of lateral roots was larger than the transversal area of bottom roots for the two container types at both sites. The proportion of bottom root transversal area to the total root transversal area was larger in the seedlings growing on the low fertility site than in those growing in the high fertility site for both container types. Seedlings cultivated in slitwall containers had a larger root area in proportion to stem diameter and had less root spiralling compared to the trees cultivated in solidwall containers. At the high fertility site, trees from the slitwall container type had straighter stem bases than seedlings grown in solidwall containers. At the low fertility site, differences in basal sweep formation were small between the container types. Reasons for this are discussed.

Keywords
Pinus sylvestris; solidwall container; slitwall container; root morphology; mechanical instability; stem straightness

Author Info
  • Rune, Dalarna University, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, SE-776 98 Garpenberg, Sweden ORCID ID:E-mail gru@du.se (email)

Received 21 January 2003 Accepted 1 April 2003 Published 31 December 2003

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.493 | Download PDF

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Warensjö M., Rune G. (2004) Stem straightness and compression wood in a 22-y.. Silva Fennica vol. 38 no. 2 article id 424
Rune G. (2003) Slits in container wall improve root structure a.. Silva Fennica vol. 37 no. 3 article id 493