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Yrjö Ilvessalo (email)

Nationwide surveys of forest resources and wood utilization in Finland

Ilvessalo Y. (1954). Nationwide surveys of forest resources and wood utilization in Finland. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 21 article id 7433. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7433

Abstract

The first estimates on the forest resources of Finland were presented in the middle of the 1900th century. The first line survey was conducted in 1912 in Central Finland. In 1921-1923 a survey of the forests of the whole country was commenced. The method consisted in measurement of sample plots in conjunction with ocular estimation of all the stands within the range of the lines. The methods were further developed in the second National Forest Survey in 1936-1938, which payed special attention to the silvicultural condition of the forests, and the growth in the light of climatic variation. When 3.3 million ha of forests were ceded to the Soviet Union in the peace treaty of 1944, the results of the survey had to be recalculated. The next survey was conducted 1951-1953. In this survey, the recovery of stands on drained peatlands was studied. The results of the inventories show that forest resources of Finland had icreased since the 1936-1938 survey.

The first investigation of wood utilization in Finland was carried out in 1927, after the first National Forest Survey had provided information on the forest resources, and knowledge of the other side of the forest balance was desired. The most difficult part was to determine the domestic wood consumption of the rural population. This was accomplished by studying 1,337 sample farms. The second investigation was commenced in 1938, and third in 1954.

These two investigations have made it possible to determine the annual removal and annual growth, and by comparing these results, growth balance. A forest balance is an essential condition for judicious forestry.

The Acta Forestalia Fennica issue 61 was published in honour of professor Eino Saari’s 60th birthday.

Keywords
forestry; National Forest Inventory; Finland; forest resources; wood utilization; forest balance; National Forest Survey; growth balance

Published in 1954

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Kallio K., (1957) On the development of spruce forests of the Oxal.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 66 no. 3 article id 7473
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Heikinheimo L., Ristimäki T. (1956) Size and structure of forest and log-floating la.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 63 no. 7 article id 7460
Väänänen S., (1955) Housing conditions of professional forest worker.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 63 no. 5 article id 7458
Sirén G., (1955) The development of spruce forest on raw humus si.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 62 no. 4 article id 7453
Jänterä A., (1954) “Metsälehti” as a means of forest information in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 35 article id 7447
Selin L., (1954) Forestry income taxed in Finland in 1950-1953 in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 32 article id 7444
Osara N. A., (1954) Taxation of state woodlands Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 29 article id 7441
Kallio K., (1954) Area of wood lots of the farms established in co.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 25 article id 7437
Ennevaara P. A., (1954) Forest fires in 1952-1953 in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 12 article id 7424
Yli-Vakkuri P., (1954) Marking trees for cutting by professionals of ad.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 6 article id 7418
Saari E., (1954) On forest and timber balances Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 60 no. 2 article id 7409
Lihtonen V., (1948) Investigations of factors and characteristics in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 55 no. 3 article id 7391
Runeberg L., (1946) Trade in forest products between Finland and the.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 54 no. 1 article id 7387
Lihtonen V., (1946) Regulation of Finnish forestry in the light of r.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 53 no. 3 article id 7386
Kangas E., (1946) Drying of Norway spruce stands as forest damage .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 52 no. 5 article id 7383
Lihtonen V., (1944) Review on forest management in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 52 no. 4 article id 7382
Linnamies O., (1944) Forest resources and condition of the forests in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 52 no. 2 article id 7380
Harve P., (1947) Land purchases of wood manufacturing industry an.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 52 no. 1 article id 7379
Helander A. Benj., (1942) Forest and language policy in Finland in the tur.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 50 no. 20 article id 7373
Appelroth E., (1942) Requisite for periodical inventories of private .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 50 no. 12 article id 7365
Linnamies O., (1942) Use of forest maps in military purposes in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 50 no. 9 article id 7362
Linnamies O., Rautvuori E. (1941) Forests owned by urban municipalities in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 50 no. 2 article id 7355
Lappi-Seppälä M., (1940) Forestry and forest holdings of the residences o.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 49 no. 6 article id 7353
Multamäki S. E., (1939) Sowing and planting of Norway spruce in drained .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 47 no. 3 article id 7343
Pöntynen V., (1936) The consumption of wood in forest manufacturing .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 45 no. 3 article id 7335
Keltikangas V., (1938) Timber balance in the financial accounting of fo.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 45 no. 1 article id 7333
Kalela E. K., (1936) Studies on the development of mixed forest of No.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 44 no. 2 article id 7330
Pöntynen V., (1936) The demand of forest work and floating work in F.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 42 no. 9 article id 7326
Laitakari E., (1935) Studies on the influence of stand and forest sit.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 41 no. 4 article id 7317
Toijala V. R., (1934) Promotion and supervision of private forestry in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 40 no. 35 article id 7312
Multamäki S. E., (1934) Changing of dimensions and form of forest ditche.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 40 no. 34 article id 7311
Keltikangas V., (1934) The placing of expenses in the balance sheet of .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 40 no. 15 article id 7292
Saari E., (1934) Observations on the forest policy of the United .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 40 no. 8 article id 7285
Pesola V. A., (1934) Forest vegetation on the moisture areas of North.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 40 no. 5 article id 7282
Pöntynen V., (1931) Wood consumption of wood manufacturing industry .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 37 no. 3 article id 7265
Valle K. J., (1929) Can the seas in southern Finland be classified a.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 34 no. 23 article id 7236
Ilvessalo L., (1926) Forest research work in Finland : the origins an.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 31 no. 2 article id 7201
Helander A. Benj., (1923) Employment in the forestry in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 26 no. 1 article id 7089
Cajander A. K., (1923) On the division of fertile soils in Finland and .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 25 no. 3 article id 7078
Cajander A. K., (1923) On the relation between forest growth and timber.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 25 no. 2 article id 7077
Cajander A. K., (1923) Overview of Finland’s forests and geography Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 25 no. 1 article id 7076
Multamäki S. E., (1921) Statistics of forest and peatland site types in .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 21 no. 4 article id 7068
Heikinheimo O., Saari E. (1922) Forestry in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 19 no. 2 article id 7059
Heikinheimo O., Saari E. (1922) Forestry in Finland Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 19 no. 1 article id 7058
Ilvessalo Y., (1920) Growth and yield tables for the Scots pine, Norw.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 15 no. 4 article id 7042
Ilvessalo Y., (1920) The relation of the productive capacity of fores.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 15 no. 2 article id 7040
Boman A., (1920) Statistical studies on landholding of companies .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 13 no. 2 article id 7033
Lakari O. J., (1919) Proposal to prepare growth and yield tables for .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 12 no. 4 article id 7031
Saari E., (1919) Forest policy associated to donated lands in Eas.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 12 no. 3 article id 7030
Multamäki S. E., (1919) Studies on state of forests in Savo and Karelia Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 9 no. 2 article id 7020
Ripatti P., (1996) Factors affecting partitioning of private forest.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 252 article id 7514
Kuusela K., Salminen S. (1991) Forest resources of Finland in 1977–1984 and the.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 220 article id 7666
Leikola M., (1987) Academic dissertations and doctors in forestry s.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 199 article id 7646
Vehkamäki S., (1986) The economic basis of forest policy: a study on .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 194 article id 7640
Keltikangas M., Laine J. et al. (1986) Peatlands drained for forestry during 1930–1978:.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 193 article id 7639
Holopainen V., Nyyssönen A. et al. (1984) The 75th Anniversary volume of the Society of Fo.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 190 article id 7645
Leikola M., (1981) Structure and development of publishing activity.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 175 article id 7622
Palosuo V. J., (1979) MERA programmes in the Finnish forestry Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 165 article id 7599
Söyrinki N., Salmela R. et al. (1977) The forest and mire vegetation of the Oulanka Na.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 154 article id 7588
Ilvessalo Y., Ilvessalo M. (1975) The forest types of Finland in the light of natu.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 144 article id 7578
Vesikallio H., (1974) Regional cooperation in farm forests in Finland... Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 135 article id 7569
Riihinen P., (1970) The forest owner and his attitudes toward forest.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 109 article id 7543
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